Rwanda, Inc. | Patricia Crisafulli

Summary of: Rwanda, Inc.: How a Devastated Nation Became an Economic Model for the Developing World
By: Patricia Crisafulli


Embark on a journey through Rwanda’s remarkable transformation, as ‘Rwanda, Inc.: How a Devastated Nation Became an Economic Model for the Developing World’ by Patricia Crisafulli showcases the nation’s recovery from the horrific 1994 genocide. Discover how Rwanda emerged from darkness to become a beacon of hope and progress, with a stable government and thriving economy in just two decades. Learn about the crucial factors that contributed to its transformation: market liberalization, an unyielding stance against corruption, significant investments in infrastructure, and an extraordinary commitment to gender equality and education. Prepare to be inspired as you delve into the incredible story of Rwanda’s rebirth, driven by the remarkable leadership of its president, Paul Kagame.

The Remarkable Rebirth of Rwanda

In just two decades, Rwanda has transformed from a nation shattered by a brutal genocide to a thriving country with a stable economy and low crime rates. Under the government’s efforts to encourage a private sector, Rwanda now has market vendors, eco-tourism, and coffee as its main cash crop. The country’s poverty rate has dropped, and income for its citizens has risen, with a million Rwandans no longer living in poverty. Rwanda has become a remarkably honest place for business, with a disapproval of corruption ingrained in its national culture. Gender equality is a fact of life, with the highest rate of female representation in the world. The government also invested heavily in telecommunications infrastructure, leading to increased mobile phone use and a growing number of tenants in the Kigali City Tower. Overall, Rwanda’s remarkable rebirth has brought about food security, compulsory education, universal healthcare, and a reduction in material and infant mortality rates. Although the country still has drawbacks, it has made significant progress compared to other poor nations.

Rwanda’s inspiring turnaround

Paul Kagame’s leadership and vision enabled Rwanda’s remarkable recovery from genocide, with a focus on ethnic equality and investment for a sustainable future.

Paul Kagame, a survivor of an earlier genocidal attack by Hutus, is the man most responsible for Rwanda’s remarkable turnaround. As a leader preaching ethnic equality and reconciliation, he embraced free markets and private sector to empower people’s self-reliance, envisioning investments as the antidote to aid dependence. His strong-willed and even-handed presidency won worldwide recognition, with commendations from former US President, Bill Clinton and former British Prime Minister, Tony Blair.

During Kagame’s tenure, Rwanda raised the age of compulsory school attendance to 12, enabling more children to be educated. Additionally, Rwanda changed its official language from French to English to attract more international business ventures, raising Rwanda’s profile and making it a desirable investment destination. As a result of Kagame’s leadership and investments, Rwanda is now one of the cleanest countries globally, with almost no litter.

However, Western watchdogs question Kagame’s commitment to political expression and freedom of speech since he imprisons Rwandans who initiate ethnic tensions or protest against the government. Despite such criticisms, Kagame is revered for his leadership and vision in enabling Rwanda’s miraculous transformation through investments, education reform, and commitment to ethnic equality.

Paul Kagame’s Leadership Journey

This detailed narrative describes how Paul Kagame, a survivor of ethnic violence, went on to become a resilient leader who transformed Rwanda’s fortunes. He trained with the US Army before leading the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) and ending the genocide of Tutsis by the Hutu tribe. Kagame is described as having a sharp and indomitable spirit, and he united Rwanda and made it a country where investment and development are thriving. Despite his challenges, he did not lose his focus on the long-term vision of creating a self-determining and self-sufficient Rwanda. Paul Kagame’s leadership style is described as strict and disciplined, which helped the RPF rebels to win critical battles against the government forces. His reminder to his troops that they were fighting for a greater purpose inspired them to keep fighting. Kagame helped to create a Rwanda that is corruption-free and economically thriving, which is a significant achievement for a country that underwent a tumultuous period.

Kagame’s Leadership in Rwanda

Kagame’s leadership in Rwanda after the genocide was instrumental in preventing future atrocities and rebuilding the country. He advocated for unity, blamed the genocide on a colonial legacy of ethnic rivalry, and cracked down on corruption. Kagame envisioned a self-sustaining economy and executed his plans with tireless work. His stern demeanor and “steely toughness” solidified his commitment to the rule of law. Rwandan business leaders and foreign officials credit Kagame with spearheading the nation’s recovery, calling him Rwanda’s CEO. Ultimately, Kagame’s focus on reconciliation and self-confidence helped unite Rwandans towards rebuilding their country.

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