The Future of Work | Jacob Morgan

Summary of: The Future of Work: Attract New Talent, Build Better Leaders, and Create a Competitive Organization
By: Jacob Morgan

Introduction

Dive into the world of politics, democracy, and liberty as we explore the key concepts of the book ‘The Future of Work’ by Jacob Morgan. This summary will highlight the democratic trends of the last century, the rise of technological influence on democracy, and the distinction between democracy and liberty. Moreover, you will learn about the historical foundation of liberty, the democratization of violence, and the impact of economic development on democratic establishments. The book also sheds light on the political landscape of Russia, China, the Muslim world, and the Middle East and emphasizes feasible paths to progress and change in these areas.

Democratization: The Rise and Complexity of Democracy and Liberty

In the past century, the world has seen a significant trend towards democratization, marked by the broadening of voting rights, flattening of hierarchies, and distribution of power. This trend has been fueled by technology, wealth, and the rise of America, but it is not without its complexities. Though often used interchangeably, democracy and liberty are not the same and many countries claiming to be democratic may not guarantee basic rights or individual freedoms. This power shift has also seen a reduction in the power of the state and a shift towards capital markets, corporations, local governments, and nongovernmental organizations. While democratization has indisputably influenced the cultural realm, including music, movies, and TV, it is clear that a struggle exists between democratization and centralized state power.

The Evolution of Liberty

The rise of liberty can be traced to the Christian Church’s ascent in Rome after 324 A.D. as it prospered and gained public control. The aristocracy grew alongside the church but was forced to sign the Magna Carta in 1215, leading to the foundation of individual liberties. With the advent of capitalism in the 1400s, a middle class emerged, generating wealth without owning land. By 1776, America inherited England’s political and economic advances, embracing consumerism, entrepreneurship, and liberal democracy. While the link between liberty and democracy was broken in Europe, America kept its middle-class roots intact.

Wealth and Democracy

Economic development is crucial for the longevity and stability of democracy. A country’s per capita income is directly linked to the preservation of liberties and the rise of liberal politics. Wealth allows the middle class and business community to have power independent of the state and for the state to become more responsive to the general needs of society. Poor economic development puts liberties at risk. On the other hand, wealthier nations such as Romania, Belarus, Bulgaria, Croatia, Malaysia, Turkey, Morocco, Tunisia, and Iran are on the cusp of developing democracies despite their political baggage. Economic liberalization has the potential to foster liberal politics in nations tested on a significant scale in China. Although China’s Communist Party still controls political power, the country has opened several parts of its economy to capitalism, leading to outstanding economic growth and a reduction in poverty rates. However, the Chinese officials believe they must maintain the country’s tough political position to prevent change and disorder.

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