Enough | Roger Thurow

Summary of: Enough: Why the World’s Poorest Starve in an Age of Plenty
By: Roger Thurow

Introduction

Enter the world of ‘Enough: Why the World’s Poorest Starve in an Age of Plenty’ by Roger Thurow, where the author unravels the complex and disheartening reality of global hunger. Despite the Earth’s capacity to feed every individual on the planet, millions continue to suffer from starvation. Thurow delves into the case of Ethiopia and the significant impact of famine on the African continent, detailing the consequences of unaddressed infrastructural issues, lack of financial support for farmers, and political challenges. Moreover, the author examines the Green Revolution, Norman Borlaug’s miracle seeds, and the hypocritical actions of developed nations, all contributing to the current state of worldwide hunger.

Fighting Famine

Despite the Earth’s capacity to feed everyone, famine is still prevalent due to delayed aid and inadequate infrastructure. In Ethiopia, food production skyrocketed with new technology, but primitive food markets and low-quality seeds caused a drop in food prices, making it difficult for farmers to cover their expenses. When a drought hit, farmers began to starve. This cycle of abundance and hunger is not unique to Ethiopia but a broader African problem. Governments need to invest in infrastructure, improve local food markets and provide financing and insurance to protect farmers against weather problems, food price crashes and starvation.

Worldwide Hunger, a Man-Made Catastrophe

Hunger has become a major problem affecting almost one billion people globally, with death, diseases and malnutrition taking a toll on approximately 25,000 individuals daily according to the United Nations. Ironically, the world produces surplus food yet people are starving. Developed countries provide subsidies for their farmers disposing of poor farmers’ chances of competing. Financial aid to impoverished nations is given with hypocritical strings attached. Hence, rich countries need to provide more assistance towards creating sustainable infrastructures that will help feed people and produce more food. Poverty and imperialism continue to fuel the inequitable distribution of resources.

The Green Revolution

The Green Revolution was a significant breakthrough led by Norman Borlaug in the 1960s that aimed to overcome food shortages in developing countries. Borlaug, a plant pathology PhD, developed rust-resistant wheat strains that led to remarkable wheat yields in Mexico, South America, and Asia, Indian Prime Minister even cultivated his wheat in her home. The revolution was a success as it reduced famine, increased cereals production and improved the living standards of millions of people. As a result, Borlaug was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1970 for his efforts to combat hunger.

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